First Apple Computer, 1976This was the first computer ever made by Apple Computers Inc. They became one of the fastest growing companies in history, launching a number of innovative and influential computer hardware and software products. Most home computer users in the 1970s were hobbyists who designed and assembled their own machines.The Apple I, devised in a bedroom by Steve Wozniak, Steven Jobs and Ron Wayne, was a basic circuit board to which enthusiasts would add display units and keyboards. In June, 2012, a rare Apple 1 computer, one of only two hundred built in 1976 by Wozniak and Jobs, sold at auction in New York at Sotheby’s for a whopping $374,500 to an unidentified bidder. Only fifty Apple 1’s are left in existence and only a handful are still working.
Getting busy might sound like a good way to pass the time on long space journeys, but it may not be the best idea, experts say.
If humans attempt to push the boundaries of exploration, space-based procreation will be an essential part of keeping a crew alive for the lifetime of a mission to a distant star. However, scientists don’t know how safe sex in space and childbirth may be.
NASA officials have long maintained that there has never been any hanky-panky between the space agency’s astronauts on the International Space Station or during space shuttle missions, which ended in 2011.
In light of the nonprofit Inspiration Mars Foundation’s recent plan to send a married couple on a 501-day manned mission around Mars in 2018, however, the first documented case of human sex in space might be on the horizon.
"Well, I’m sure that the couple chosen for the Inspiration Mars plan will have sex in space," Laura Woodmansee, author of the book "Sex in Space," told SPACE.com in an email. "No doubt there! I think that’s kind of an unwritten requirement. That’s why, I suppose, the foundation is planning to send a married couple."
But doing the deed in microgravity might be a tall order.
"Sex is very difficult in zero gravity, apparently, because you have no traction and you keep bumping against the walls," biologist Athena Andreadis of the University of Massachusetts Medical School told SPACE.com in 2011. "Think about it: you have no friction, you have no resistance."
Thanks to Buddhism, I began to doubt. Thanks
to doubt, I became an atheist. Thanks to
atheism, I became a nonbeliever. Thanks to
nonbelief I turned to science. Thanks to science
I learned how to think.
Cyber Experiments Yield Chemistry Nobel
Three U.S.-based scientists won this year’s Nobel Prize in chemistry today for developing powerful computer models that others can use to understand complex chemical interactions and create new drugs.
Research in the 1970s by Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel has helped scientists develop programs that unveil chemical processes such as the purification of exhaust fumes or photosynthesis in green leaves, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences says. That kind of knowledge makes it possible to optimize catalysts for cars or design drugs and solar cells.
Read more: http://www.laboratoryequipment.com/news/2013/10/cyber-experiments-yield-chemistry-nobel
The Women Who Mapped the Universe And Still Couldn’t Get Any Respect
In 1881, Edward Charles Pickering, director of the Harvard Observatory, had a problem: the volume of data coming into his observatory was exceeding his staff’s ability to analyze it. He also had doubts about his staff’s competence–especially that of his assistant, who Pickering dubbed inefficient at cataloging. So he did what any scientist of the latter 19th century would have done: he fired his male assistant and replaced him with his maid, Williamina Fleming. Fleming proved so adept at computing and copying that she would work at Harvard for 34 years–eventually managing a large staff of assistants.
So began an era in Harvard Observatory history where women—more than 80 during Pickering’s tenure, from 1877 to his death in 1919— worked for the director, computing and cataloging data. Some of these women would produce significant work on their own; some would even earn a certain level of fame among followers of female scientists. But the majority are remembered not individually but collectively, by the moniker Pickering’s Harem.
“After all is said and done about what went wrong, the bottom line is simple: money. It’s about $10,000 to put a pound of anything into a near-earth orbit. (Imagine John Glenn, the first American to orbit the earth, made of solid gold, and you can appreciate the enormous cost of space travel.)…
A baby Woolly Mammoth found in a remote area of Russia has gone on display at an exhibition in Tokyo, Japan.
The 39,000-year-old female Mammoth named Yuka, was discovered in May of this year by scientists in a Siberian ice tomb.
The frozen woolly mammoth will be exhibited from July 13 until September 16 at an exhibition hall in Yokohama, south of Tokyo and visitors will be able to view the extinct creature during it’s three month stay.
Experts who discovered the creature were able to extract a blood sample, which in the future could lead to the possible cloning of the beast.
But an archaeologist has warned that ethical issues surrounding bringing extinct animals back to life must be considered because scientists are “on the brink” of doing so.
Yuka’s story is featured in the BBC/Discovery Co-Production programme Woolly Mammoth: Secrets from the Ice.